Born in Klisura. He studied at the Theological School of Fr. Halki (1855-1862). He studied law in Athens (1862-1864) and in the Legal Department of the Sorbonne, Paris. Lisancy in Law (1866). He continued his studies in Munich (1867) and in Heidelberg (1868). Graduated in law at the Ecole de droit, Paris (1870). Lecturer in Greek language and Greek literature at the Faculty of History and Philology at Sofia University (1889-1898) and one of the first lecturers in law - a lecturer in Roman law and Byzantine law (1892-1899, 1900-1902). Associate Professor, private associate professor of Roman, Byzantine and canon law (1892). First Dean of the Faculty of Law (1896-1897). Corresponding member of the BCD (1881). Regular member of the BCD (1884). Chairman of the Branch of State Sciences (1884-1898) and of the Philosophical and Social Branch of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (1898-1902, 1904-1905, 1907-1920). Lawyer and journalist in Constantinople (1870). Secretary of the Provisional Exarchate Council at the Church-People's Assembly (1871). Together with Dragan Tsankov they played the role of official representatives of the Bulgarian people before the European governments after the suppression of the April Uprising (1876). The first appointed member of the Supreme Court (1879). Vice-Governor of Tarnovo, Svishtov and Ruse (1878-1879). Member of Parliament from Svishtov District in the Constituent Assembly (1879). Chairman of the XI (1901) ONS and V (1911) VNS. Minister of Foreign Affairs and Religions in the first Bulgarian government of Todor Burmov (1879) and in the government of Dragan Tsankov (1883-1884). Diplomatic agent in Constantinople (1880-1881), Bucharest (1902-1905) and Athens (1905-1906). Lawyer in Sofia. Editor of the "Chitalishte" magazine (1870-1875),newspaper "Vek" (1874-1876), newspaper "Vitosha" (1879-1880), newspaper "Bratstvo" (1881-1884) and newspaper "Light" (1882-1886). Courses taught: Sofia University, Faculty of History and Philology - Greek Language, History of Greek Literature, Greek Archeology (1889-1898); Sofia University, Law Firm - Byzantine Law (Dogma of Roman Law), Canon (Church) Law and State (Constitutional) Law (1892-1902).
Areas of main scientific interests: Bulgarian Revival, legal problems of the newly liberated state.